If put simply, teacher education is a means for a person to become a teacher or it’s better to say to prepare oneself to teach students. Although recent graduates possess a certain number of skills and knowledge when they enter a school for the first time, a real teacher is born with time, and sometimes it is more than just a few years. Nonetheless, education is quite useful and can serve as a basis for future development.
Teacher training programs vary significantly, but in any case they include four components. The first one is learning the subject itself. A teacher whose knowledge does not exceed his student’s ten times or more does not deserve the title. Therefore, when you start training, be sure to go deep into History/Math/Science or whatever it is you want to teach.
In many cases learning of pedagogics (i.e. the how-to of teaching a certain subject) follows when you came to grips with the area itself. However, sometimes they are aligned, and students master specific subjects along with the ways of teaching them. Which approach is more efficient is a widely debated issue; however, it seems quite obvious that the difference is minute.
The next stage of studying is psychology and understanding of students. To present information in an efficient way, so that students didn’t have any troubles processing it, a teacher must possess certain knowledge of their age-related characteristics. Sure enough, a five-year-old will not be as concentrated as a ten-year-old, who is, in turn, way more distracted than a teenager. There are various techniques and methods one learns to facilitate the teaching process with students of different ages and backgrounds. Understanding a student is a key to teaching success and sometimes it is seen as even more important than knowledge of the subject itself.
Once all the above-mentioned stages have been passed, a soon-to-be-teacher goes to school to develop practical skills. However, this is not the end of his voyage. Over the first few years, he receives guidance and support. The first years are the most dangerous – this is when most of the quitters choose to leave.
Although it has not been accepted as a standard, sometimes teachers are given a course of special education. There are debates whether students with special needs should be educated in special institutions or not. That’s why sometimes they are put in regular classes, and teachers must know how to act in this kind of situation.
As it has already been said, teacher education is only a preparation for real life. No classroom training can be enough to create a decent teacher, and necessary skills are acquired with time. If you plan on choosing this perilous path, be prepared to study for your entire life.